Signs and Stages of Gum Disease
Gum disease has three stages - Gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.
The First Stage
Gingivitis, is an inflammation of the gums caused by a buildup of plaque and bacteria. You may notice the gums are red and bleed easily. Treatment for gum disease at this stage is very effective at halting gum disease advancement.
The Second Stage
Periodontitis, sets in if treatment for gingivitis is neglected. During this stage, the tissue and bone supporting the teeth are being destroyed. Pockets form between the teeth and gums, allowing bacteria to proliferate and cause more damage. Persistent bad breath, gum recession and gaps between the teeth are all signs of periodontitis. While some damage has been done to the supportive structures at this stage, immediate treatment for gum disease can prevent gum disease advancement.
The Third Stage
Advanced periodontitis, will occur if treatment for gum disease continues to be neglected. The destruction of the supportive structures during this stage causes the teeth to loosen and shift, creating spaces between the teeth. The continuation of bone and tissue destruction causes many patients to lose their teeth. Treatment for gum disease at this stage may help to save teeth and prevent other health risks.